Assuming we can rely on translated quotations and paraphrased statements a Financial times In the report, Chinese President Xi Jinping defends his totalitarianism and helps to understand some aspects of authoritarianism (“Xi Jinping Hong Kong Handover with Call for ‘Patriots’ to Bring Order,” July 1, 2022):
In his first major speech in Hong Kong before the pro-democracy protests erupted in 2019, the Chinese president said Friday that the region should be ruled “only by patriots” while navigating “a new phase of development from chaos to discipline”. ”
One of the advantages of this declaration is that it reminds us that “patriotic” means as much as the subordinates of the state who love their country. Another point of interest in the quote is the inherent rejection of the notion that a certain degree of chaos, in the sense of anarchy, is necessary for an efficient social order – “efficient” which means that this order meets the preferences of all individuals. The opposite of the rulers’ choice is assumed to be equal.
Much has been made of “Xi Jinping’s thought,” which is now enshrined in the Communist Party’s constitution and whose study is mandatory by the government (see also “‘Xi Jinping Thought’ school lesson warns Chinese parents, Financial timesAugust 27, 2021). “Xi Jinping’s Thoughts” Doesn’t Crystal Clear from a Logical or Historical Perspective Like July 1 Financial times The story suggests:
Xi further stressed that Hong Kong must maintain the capitalist system “with a high level of autonomy”.
But he has abandoned Beijing’s determination to continue cracking down on dissent, despite allegations that it is failing to honor 50 years of “one country, two systems” autonomy it reaffirmed in Hong Kong after the end of British rule on July 1, 1997.
“All Hong Kong nations should be able to respect and protect the basic socialist system,” Xi said.
Shi apparently wants both a “capitalist system” and a “basic socialist system of the nation,” which is either a conflict (if “capitalism” means economic freedom) or a confusion. There can be confusion between economic freedom and crony capitalism.
In the renewed pursuit of Marxism, Xi has clearly ignored the Marxist-Leninist ideology of Lenin’s “eroded state”!
Anarchy is good, not in the sense that there are no rules, but in the sense that the development of rules is spontaneous and multifaceted. At the very least, if a completely anarchist society is not effective, it is advisable that the development of the rule is not a preservation of a central coercive force.
To authoritarians or omnivores like Xi Jinping (there are some authoritarians in the West as well), we must oppose some of the ideals of “ordered anarchy” in order to use James Buchanan’s favorite expression. Anarchy must be the guiding ideal. This is evident in the economic field, as the French philosopher Raymond Ruer expressed it very well in 1969. Appreciation of the consumer society (In praise of the Consumer Society):
Real anarchism, realistic and realistic perception, as opposed to mere emotional talk, simply [classical] Liberal economy and everything it brings: political democracy, civic (and not just civic) liberties, free, non-subsidized and unplanned culture. Only a liberal economy can improve the “loss of the state” and politics, their decay or at least their limitations; Centralized socialism cannot do that.
[French original:] True anarchism, perceptible and perceptible, and not in a state of passionate declaration, is quite simply a liberal economy, which includes everything: political democracy, civil liberties (and not just civil liberties), free culture, subsidies, and non-regulation. It is a liberal economy that alone can “damage the state” and promote politics – decay or at least limitation – without centralizing socialism.
It is also important to note the historical contradiction between the Chinese imperialist model and the relatively anarchic development of the West. Perhaps it could serve as a deterrent against authoritarian temptations that the Chinese model represents for certain people. As the French sociologist and historian Jean Bachelor writes (quoted by Walter Scheidel) Flee from Rome),
The origin of the expansion of capitalism and the cause of political anarchy.